Information in simple English

What is vertigo?

Vertigo is a feeling rather than a condition in which a person feels that his or her surrounding is spinning or moving around him or her. It is a feeling of dizziness that occurs with no accompanying movement.

What are the symptoms of vertigo?

If you have a vertigo attack, then you have the following symptoms:

  • Feeling of spinning
  • Loss of balance
  • Lightheadedness
  • Vomiting
  • Feeling of Floating
  • A feeling of floor tilting
  • Nausea 
  • Dizziness 
  • Headaches
  • Hearing loss


What causes vertigo?

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): caused by an issue with the inner ear.
  • Ménière's disease: is an inner-ear condition caused by severe and incapacitating episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, and ear fullness.
  • Labyrinth: an inner ear infection that causes hearing loss
  • Brain problems: strokes or tumors
  • Brain injury
  • Head or neck injury
  • Multiple Sclerosis: tissue stiffening caused by fibrous tissue overgrowth or an increase in interstitial tissue (surrounds the secretory ducts and glands).
  • Migraines - severe headaches
  • Certain medications that cause ear damage