Information in simple English

What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a pulmonary inflammatory disease that mostly affects the tiny lung’s air sacs (alveoli). This air sac fills up with pus, fluid or any waste material. It might affect one or both lungs. In developing countries, pneumonia is still the top cause of death.

How can one know it is pneumonia?

  • chest pain
  • difficulty in breathing 
  • confusion in mental awareness (especially in elders)
  • cough which produces phlegm
  • fatigue
  • fever
  • sweating
  • shaking chills
  • nausea or vomiting 
  • diarrhoea


What causes pneumonia?

  • bacteria
  • virus
  • fungi
  • parasites


What is walking pneumonia?

A mild pneumonia, where a person is not seriously ill and does not require bed rest or hospitalization.