Information in simple English

What is meningitis?

Meningitis is an acute infection of the meninges, the protective membranes that coat the brain and spinal cord.

Meningitis is classified as a medical emergency because the inflammation is so close to the brain and spinal cord, it might be life-threatening.

What are the signs and symptoms of meningitis?

  • fever
  • having a headache
  • stiffness in the neck
  • nausea
  • disturbed state of mind
  • distinctive rash
  • sleepiness
  • insufficient nutrition
  • irritation

What are severe consequences meningitis can drive to?

  • becoming deaf
  • epilepsy: neurological condition characterised by abnormal brain activity
  • hydrocephalus: growth of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain's ventricles (hollow places).
  • cognitive impairments: a deterioration in a person's mental processes