Information in simple English

What is measles?

Measles is a contagious respiratory disease.

It can be transferred by direct contact with saliva or secretions from the mouth or nose.


What are the signs and symptoms of measles?

  • high body temperature
  • cough
  • a stuffy nose
  • pink eyes
  • rash

What causes measles?

Measles is caused by measles virus (MV) from the paramyxovirus family.

Who is susceptible to the measles?

  • Children under the age of five.
  • Adults who are over the age of 20 years of age.
  • Women who are expecting a child.
  • People with weakened immune systems, such as those who have leukaemia or are HIV positive.