Information in simple English

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a moderate form of gum disease (periodontal disease) that causes irritation, redness, and  swelling (inflammation) of the gingiva, the area of your gum that surrounds your teeth. Gingivitis should  be taken seriously and treated as soon as possible. Gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more  serious gum disease that can result in tooth loss. 


• Swollen or puffy gums 

• Dusky red or dark red gums 

• Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss 

• Bad breath 

• Receding gums 

• Tender gums 


• Plaque forms on your teeth 

• Plaque turns into tartar 

• Gingiva become inflamed (gingivitis)