Information in simple English

What is gastritis?

Gastritis is the swelling of the protective stomach lining. It can be a onetime occurrence or a long-term occurrence.

What causes gastritis?

  • excess consumption of alcohol 
  • smoking 
  • cocaine 
  • too much spicy food
  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori, a type of bacteria)
  • NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, e.g. aspirin and ibuprofen)
  • severe sickness
  • autoimmune disorder

How to tell if someone has gastritis?

  • pain in the upper abdomen
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • bloating and fullness
  • a decrease in appetite
  • acid indigestion (heart burn)

What are the consequences of gastritis?

If not treated early, gastritis will lead to:

  • ulcers in the stomach
  • tumors in the stomach
  • Pernicious anemia (vitamin B12 deficiency)