Information in simple English

What is common cold?

The Common Cold is also called viral rhinitis, as it is a viral infection of the nose and throat upper respiratory tract. It mainly affects the respiratory mucosa of the nose, throat, sinuses, and larynx.

Over 200 viruses can cause the common cold. The research concluded that a healthy individual could expect to expose to the common cold two to three times in one year.

How long does it take for a cold to pass?

Most of the exposed people recover from a common cold, probably in a week or 14 days.

What are the signs and symptoms of a common cold?

  • Cough 
  • Minor aches and pains throughout the body, as well as a slight headache
  • Congestion
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Low Fever 
  • Not feeling well
  • Sore throat

A smoker's symptoms of the common cold will last longer than the healthy one.

How can you avoid catching a cold?

  • Wash hands
  • Avoid touching face
  • Boost immune system
  • When sick, stay at home.

Can antibiotics cure a cold?

No. Antibiotics do not function against viruses, hence they are ineffective against colds.