What is autism?
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disease usually diagnosed in the first three years of a child's life. It is marked by social interaction and communication difficulties, as well as confined and repetitive conduct.
What are the signs and symptoms of autism?
- inability to interact socially
- both verbal and nonverbal communication
- limited interests
- routines that insist on the sameness
- replacing regular, responsive discourse with repeated words or sentences
- even when talking directly, there is little or no eye contact.
- laughing and/or crying for no particular reason
- impaired motor skills
What are the causes of autism?
Although the causation of autism is unknown, it is widely assumed that it is caused by a combination of circumstances: genetic, environmental, metabolic, and neurological conditions that affect brain function.
What is the treatment of autism?
- occupational therapy
- speech and language therapy
- psychoactive drug