Information in simple English

What is autism?

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disease usually diagnosed in the first three years of a child's life. It is marked by social interaction and communication difficulties, as well as confined and repetitive conduct.


What are the signs and symptoms of autism?

  • inability to interact socially
  • both verbal and nonverbal communication
  • limited interests 
  • routines that insist on the sameness
  • replacing regular, responsive discourse with repeated words or sentences
  • even when talking directly, there is little or no eye contact.
  • laughing and/or crying for no particular reason
  • impaired motor skills

What are the causes of autism?

Although the causation of autism is unknown, it is widely assumed that it is caused by a combination of circumstances: genetic, environmental, metabolic, and neurological conditions that affect brain function.


What is the treatment of autism?

  • occupational therapy
  • speech and language therapy
  • psychoactive drug