Information in simple English

What is angina?

Angina is a sort of chest pain that is mainly caused by less blood flow to the heart muscles. It’s a sign of heart or coronary artery disease.

When one or more coronary arteries become narrow or blocked, angina may occur.  

How would one know if they have angina?

  • chest discomfort express as:
    • squeezing, pressing, heaviness, fatigue, tightness
  • strain in upper central abdomen
    • back, neck region, jaw, shoulders
  • generally brought on by
    • emotional upset
    • a full stomach
    • cold weather

What are the factors that promote angina?

  • stress 
  • overuse of alcohol or drugs
  • smoking 
  • low physical activities 
  • unhealthy diet 
  • high cholesterol level 
  • overweight or obesity 
  • genetic factors 
  • diabetes, low blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, and anemia
  • certain medical treatment  

How does one tell the difference between angina and a heart attack?

Because the symptoms are so similar, it might be challenging. Any angina-like sensations that don't go away with rest could be the start of a heart attack.

How can angina be prevented?

  • having a varied, nutritious diet that is healthy for the heart 
  • regular exercise 
  • ways to manage stress
  • measures steps to control cholesterol