Information in simple English
What is angina?
Angina is a sort of chest pain that is mainly caused by less blood flow to the heart muscles. It’s a sign of heart or coronary artery disease.
When one or more coronary arteries become narrow or blocked, angina may occur.
How would one know if they have angina?
- chest discomfort express as:
- squeezing, pressing, heaviness, fatigue, tightness
- strain in upper central abdomen
- back, neck region, jaw, shoulders
- generally brought on by
- emotional upset
- a full stomach
- cold weather
What are the factors that promote angina?
- overuse of alcohol or drugs
- low physical activities
- unhealthy diet
- high cholesterol level
- overweight or obesity
- genetic factors
- diabetes, low blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, and anemia
- certain medical treatment
How does one tell the difference between angina and a heart attack?
Because the symptoms are so similar, it might be challenging. Any angina-like sensations that don't go away with rest could be the start of a heart attack.
How can angina be prevented?
- having a varied, nutritious diet that is healthy for the heart
- regular exercise
- ways to manage stress
- measures steps to control cholesterol